Semi-regular -er verbs in the future tense
Certain otherwise regular -er verbs have minor spelling (and occasionally
pronunciation) irregularities because of patterns caused by the fact that the endings -ons
and -ez contain a pronounced vowel, but the other endings don't. These irregularities
can also show up in the future tense (click on an infinitive to see a complete
verb table showing its future tense conjugation):
- Verbs like appeler
(and thus s'appeler)
and jeter that double the final consonant
to -ll- or -tt-:
- These also double the consonant in the future
tense forms: je jettrai, j'appellerai. (The 1990
spelling reform also proposes alternative forms j'appèlerai
and je jèterai.)
- Verbs like acheter where the final e of the stem gains a
grave accent before an unstressed ending:
- These verbs also have the accent in the future tense: j'achèterai etc.
- Verbs like préférer, where the final acute changes to
a grave before an unstressed ending in the present tense:
- Traditionally, these words keep the accent of the infinitive:
je préférerai. But there
is an increasing tendency to change the accent: je préfèrerai
because this better reflects the pronunciation for most speakers (see below).
This page written by Neil Coffey. Copyright © Javamex UK 2017. All rights reserved.