French verb avoir: conjugation

The tables below show the conjugation of the French verb avoir in the various simple and compound tenses.

See below for notes on the conjugation of avoir

PresentPerfect

j'ai
tuas
il/ellea
nousavons
vousavez
ils/ellesont

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j'ai eu
tuas eu
il/ellea eu
nousavons eu
vousavez eu
ils/ellesont eu

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ImperfectPluperfect

j'avais
tuavais
il/elleavait
nousavions
vousaviez
ils/ellesavaient

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j'avais eu
tuavais eu
il/elleavait eu
nousavions eu
vousaviez eu
ils/ellesavaient eu

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FutureFuture-perfect

j'aurai
tuauras
il/elleaura
nousaurons
vousaurez
ils/ellesauront

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j'aurai eu
tuauras eu
il/elleaura eu
nousaurons eu
vousaurez eu
ils/ellesauront eu

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ConditionalConditional perfect

j'aurais
tuaurais
il/elleaurait
nousaurions
vousauriez
ils/ellesauraient

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j'aurais eu
tuaurais eu
il/elleaurait eu
nousaurions eu
vousauriez eu
ils/ellesauraient eu

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Present subjunctivePerfect subjunctive

j'aie
tuaies
il/elleait
nousayons
vousayez
ils/ellesaient

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j'aie eu
tuaies eu
il/elleait eu
nousayons eu
vousayez eu
ils/ellesaient eu

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Various forms of the verb avoir are among the most commonly occurring French verb forms.

The verb avoir is also one of a few common but highly irregular French verbs:

  • It has more present tense forms than other verbs;
  • It is one of only four in the language to have a 3rd person plural form ending in -ont;
  • It is one of few to have irregular subjunctive forms;
  • It is practically the only verb to have an irregular present participle that does not share the stem of the nous present tense form;
  • It has an irregular future stem caused by the vocalisation of v (avr- > aur-).

As well as its meaning of to have as in possession, this verb also means to have as an auxiliary: il a fait = he has done. For more information, see the grammar pages on the perfect tense.

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Check out the French Linguistics site's reviews of the following French conjugation guides:

 Barron's 501 French Verbs
 Bescherelle La Conjugaison pour tous


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